Disruptive innovation is more risky, uncertain and costly, while incremental innovation is more predictable and corresponds to the context of an organization. The management approaches for each of the two forms are different, whereby radical innovation is more strongly influenced by individuals than incremental innovation.
US scientist Richard Leifer points out the management skills companies need to enable radical and disruptive innovation. Incremental innovation is therefore the improvement of costs or features of existing products or services, which depends on the exploitation of competencies. Disruptive innovation, on the other hand, involves the development of new business models or product lines; it is based on new ideas or technologies or substantial cost reductions – it transforms the business foundation of a company. The following table by Leifer shows the differences.